A message digest can also serve as a means of reliably identifying a file; several source code management systems, including Git , Mercurial and Monotone , use the sha1sum of various types of content (file content, directory trees, ancestry information, etc.) to uniquely identify them. Hashes are used to identify files on peer-to-peer filesharing networks. For example, in an ed2k link , an MD4 -variant hash is combined with the file size, providing sufficient information for locating file sources, downloading the file and verifying its contents. Magnet links are another example. Such file hashes are often the top hash of a hash list or a hash tree which allows for additional benefits.
administer , carry on , control , direct , guide , handle , manage , oversee , regulate , supervise ;